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Breaking Down The 5 Different Types of Alcoholics

These treatment programs usually require you to spend at least 20 hours a week in a controlled clinical facility. In this type of setting, you can readily have access to medical and psychiatric services. Your alcohol substance use and co-occurring mental disorders national institute of mental health nimh use disorder may be a new issue, and you increasingly use drinking to cope with stressful events. You might feel like life is slipping out of your control, as if you’re entering a gradual but dangerous spiral.

Tips for Selecting Treatment

As previously mentioned, however, there are multiple types of alcoholic subtypes. The following checklists for each type can help you determine which subtype you might fall into. This subtype of alcoholics is typically middle-aged, well-educated, and may seem to have it all “together” on the outside. They are likely have a steady job, a seemingly stable family life, and do not often fit into the traditional stereotype of an alcoholic. If you have health insurance, call the number on the back of your card to ask about your mental health and substance abuse coverage.

  1. Genetic, psychological, social and environmental factors can impact how drinking alcohol affects your body and behavior.
  2. This is of particular concern when you’re taking certain medications that also depress the brain’s function.
  3. Drinking may then be used as a method of self-medicating the personality disorder symptoms.

Alcohol Dependence (Alcoholism)

Once you decide on the level of treatment, you’ll then need to find a local rehab center or treatment program that works for you. When doing an assessment, a health professional will usually ask about the areas listed below. All are important when deciding which types of treatment will provide the best support. Regardless of where or how you seek treatment, it’s important to look for approaches that are “evidence-based.” clindamycin hcl oral This means the treatments are backed by large, well-designed studies. 1The use of the terms “alcoholism” and “alcohol abuse” frequently overlaps in the alcoholism literature; therefore, the terms are used in this article as they were used in the original studies cited. Virkkunen and Linnoila (1990) also found that type I and type II alcoholics differed in their serotonin activities in the CNS.

The Different Types of Alcoholism

Second, the adoptees and both their biological and adoptive parents were monitored for alcohol abuse and other related characteristics during their entire lifetimes. Previous studies usually had evaluated the birth parents only up to the time of adoption, when alcoholism and other behaviors may not yet have developed. In addition, those studies frequently lacked information about the birth fathers. Third, the study had used multiple data sources and efficient statistical methods to classify the subjects’ alcohol abuse and determine relevant characteristics of the adoptees’ genetic and environmental backgrounds. These observations suggest certain patterns of neurotransmitter activity in different alcoholic subtypes. For example, people with antisocial personality traits or type II alcoholism are expected to be uncooperative and to have low serotonergic activity in the CNS.

Alcohol use disorder

These treatment options can help you or your loved one take the first step toward sobriety and live a healthier, happier life. If you are looking for the right treatment option for yourself or someone you know, it is important to speak with a doctor or mental health professional about the best action plan. The National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAA) studied alcoholics and how they differ. Each subtype is unique and offers a bit more insight into alcohol abuse. Health care professionals use criteria from the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-5), to assess whether a person has AUD and to determine the severity, if the disorder is present. Severity is based on the number of criteria a person meets based on their symptoms—mild (2–3 criteria), moderate (4–5 criteria), or severe (6 or more criteria).

Most IOP programs incorporate a psychoeducational group therapy component; however, some also include individual therapy. Intensive outpatient programs (IOP) are similar to PHP because they don’t involve live-in services. In a way, PHP programs serve as a bridge between inpatient and outpatient options. For example, many rely heavily on 12-step programming, such as those used in AA, that incorporates a set of guided principles to help with recovery. Along with nursing care, intensive inpatient services also include therapy to tend to your emotional and cognitive well-being. A complete assessment of a person’s condition will suggest what specific type of treatment would be best for that individual.

Other ways to get help include talking with a mental health professional or seeking help from a support group such as Alcoholics Anonymous or a similar type of self-help group. We publish material that is researched, cited, edited and reviewed by licensed medical professionals. The information we provide is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. It should not be used in place of the advice of your physician or other qualified healthcare providers. They are also young (average age 26 years) and have the earliest age of onset of drinking (average is under 16 years old) and the earliest age of alcohol dependence (average of 18 years).

The important thing is to remain engaged in whatever method you choose. It is rare that someone would go to treatment once and then never drink again. More often, people must repeatedly try effects of ayahuasca on mental health and quality of life in naïve users to quit or cut back, experience recurrences, learn from them, and then keep trying. For many, continued follow up with a treatment provider is critical to overcoming problem drinking.

Avast number of alcoholism1 typologies have been developed during the past one-and-a-half centuries. Equally diverse are the factors used to distinguish between different alcoholism subtypes within these various typologies. These factors include personality characteristics, coexisting psychiatric disorders, gender, and alcohol consumption patterns (for review, see the article by Babor, pp. 6–14.). One frequently cited typology resulted from a study of alcoholism and other relevant characteristics in a large number of Swedish adoptees and their biological and adoptive parents. The two subtypes identified in this typology are called type I (milieu-limited) and type II (male-limited) alcoholism.

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